WP3: Sectors

 Sectoral case studies of Low and High Skilled Migration

WP3 explored the impact of low and high skilled migration in key sectors of the South African economy: commercial agriculture, hospitality, domestic work, public health, and construction and mining. It sought to understand why and how the South African economy is structurally dependent on low-skilled foreign labour by examining existing legal frameworks, recruitment strategies, conditions of employment, and mobilisation.

The study on highly skilled labour sought to understand the link between skilled migration and South Africa's economic development, with an emphasis on skills issues. Specific questions relating to this study included: what informs recruitment of highly skilled migrants, labour market needs or other driving forces; what key assumptions dominate employers' selection criteria; and are skills transfers between foreign and local workers taking place, and if so, through which mechanisms?



This work package was also supported by the Migrating out of Poverty Research Programme Consortium (RPC), which is funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DfID). It focuses on the relationship between migration and poverty and is located in six regions across Asia and Africa. The main goal of Migrating out of Poverty is to provide robust evidence on migration drivers and impacts that will contribute to improving policies affecting the lives and well-being of poor migrants, their communities and countries through a programme of innovative research, capacity building and policy engagement. The RPC also conduct sanalysis in order to understand the migration policy process in developing regions and updates and extends world renowned migration databases at the University of Sussex with the inclusion of data on internal migration.

The Migrating out of Poverty consortium is coordinated by the University of Sussex. Core partners are: RMMRU in Bangladesh; the Centre for Migration Studies at the University of Ghana; the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore; the African Centre for Migration & Society at the University of the Witwatersrand; and the African Migration and Development Policy Centre (AMADPOC), Nairobi. The UK Department for International Development (DfID) supports policies, programmes and projects to promote poverty reduction globally. DFID provided funds for this work package as part of that goal but the views and opinions expressed in outputs are those of the author(s) alone.